• BB&DPS – Best Balance & Distance Per Stroke: 5 strokes or less in the 4 styles in a short course pool, 10 strokes or less in long course – “Tai Chi Swimming.”  Please go to T.I.P.S. for a more detailed explanation.
  • OB          Over Best:  # of strokes recommended over your BBDPS count
  • TOR        Turn Over Rate
  • Y             FlY
  • K             BacK
  •              BreasT
  • E              FreE
  • uw           Underwater
  • kk            Kick
  •  ‘              Minutes
  • “              Seconds
  • w/            with: utilized to indicate a number of seconds of rest between repetitions
  • on:          to indicate that everyone will do a repetition on a set send-off
  • Description of Training Set:  25’ x (5 x 100 /10”)w/30” – During 25 minutes, you swim sets of 5 one-hundreds taking 10 seconds to rest after each and taking 30 seconds rest after 5.

WARM UP:

{IM Drill:  4 kk Y, 7 kk K, 2 kk T, 7 kk E.

{IM Swim: Swim the 4 strokes in the Individual Medley order, YKTE @ your BB&DPS 5 strokes or less in 25 yd. pool).

4 kk Y: Lie on the ‘Y’ position, dolphin kick 4 times, on the 4th kick stroke and breathe; repeat the length of the pool.

7 kk K: Lie on the ‘I’ position (shoulder to the sky with arm parallel to body, hand on the thigh/arm pit to the bottom with arm above head in line with the body), flutter kick 4 times with the top leg, that allows for 3 kicks with the bottom leg, then stroke and lie on the other side and repeat the 7 kicks, count 4 kicks with the top leg.

2 kk T: Pull, breathe, kick, glide, hold your hands in front, then breathe, kick, glide; repeat 2 kicks for 1 pull; on the 2nd stroke think timing, shoulders and heels up together, down together.

7 kk E: Same as back: arm-pit to the bottom – shoulder to the sky, when you stroke one time, during the roll side to side, the nose goes past the water, and you count 4 kicks from the bottom leg (since both feet are kicking you do a total of 7 kicks), after you breathe, set head and stroke again back to the first side.

Continue repeating 1x IM drills, 1x IM swim until time is finished.

KICKING SET:

{4 x 25 w/kickboard} on 45”

{4 x 25 E no breath }

The 25’s kk are fast; the 25’s E are brisk: work on setting the head (steady bowline), fast feet in a small space, and shoulder shifting.

Leave on 45” or a sendoff that allows you to get at least 20” rest on the kick.  Repeat the number of sets specified, alternating, the 4 kicking laps and the 4 no breathe laps.

DRILL OF THE WEEK: 

            Scull #2 & Roll – 4x with right/4x with left:  Lie in the water on your side, top side shoulder toward the sky, arm alongside the body, hand on the thigh, and bottom side: arm perpendicular to the body, with fingers pointing towards the bottom at the starting position.  Roll the body into the deep hand as you sweep inward, and roll away from the hand as you out sweep 4 times; switch sides, roll over on your other side and continue on the in sweep of the hand timed exactly to a body roll: hip and shoulder axis together into the hand, and roll away on the out sweep.  Feel the pressure that the palm can create to the water in a small space.

TRI-ATHLETE NOTES:

During warm-up triathletes are encouraged to swim the 4 styles, it is warm-up for the entire musculoskeletal system; furthermore, swimming breaststroke can help in a race situation in the event of a foot or calf cramp, the breast kick requires to flex the foot, the way to get rid of said cramps; swimming backstroke will help the triathletes to ‘find core’, connecting the hands to the power source, the hip rotation, while keeping the head set, (no need to turn the head to breathe); the butterfly, will make you more aquatic.  When swimmers do Individual Medley:  Y, K, T, and E:  FLY, BACK, BREAST, FREE; Tri-athletes swim:  Naked (no equipment), Paddles, Fins, Both

 

STROKE COUNT:

1 stroke in Y and T is one extension to the front end; count the letter at the breath and the number at the “glide.”  1 stroke in E and K is counted when both arms have completed a revolution, the letter for one hand, and the number for the other hand; count when the revolution is completed at hand entry.  The recommended “Number of Strokes OB” over best is for short course pools, if you train in a long course pool double the recommended number and add a stroke.  Obviously, the lack of turn and the extra distance makes a difference.  For example if the set reads swim at 1 ½ to 2 ½ OB, it means that in the long course pool you will swim at 4 to 6 strokes over your best stroke count.  We know that when you take more strokes you swim faster, up to a point that your style may suffer or tire you too quickly.  Pay attention: count strokes.  When equipment such as paddles and/or fins are used deduct ½ stroke from the OB for each accessory that you wear.

Date:  11-07-2022 Workout Today
Energy System Exercise Set Exercise Description
Warm Up EN1 20’ x {IM Drill: 4kkY, 7kkK, 2kkT, 7kkE

{IM Swim @ BBDPS

Please see BASICS, for full set explanations
Sprint Set SP3 2 x {(6 x 6 str on 1’) w/50 drill

25

2 sets of 6x 25, push off and swim all out, no breath until 6 strokes, and then swim easy to the 25.  In E & K 6 strokes are 12 digs, in Y & T 6 extensions to the front.
Anaerobic Threshold EN3

Intensity:  3 to 4 OB

Equipment:  Hand Paddles

35’ x {2 x 400 w/30”) w/60”

{4 x 200 w/20”) w/60”

{8 x 100 w/15”) done

Count:  A to P

Repeat broken 800’s until 35’ are finished, rest 60” after counting A to P, rest the recommended time at all the intervals.  If you do not finish within 12’ the 2 – 400’s, just do cut the 200’s and 100’s down to 600.
Kick Set 2 x {4 x 25 w/kickboard} on 45”

{4 x 25 E no breathe}

Please see BASICS, if you need more explanations
Date:  11-08-2022 Workout Today
Energy System Exercise Set Exercise Description
Warm Up EN1 15’ x {IM Drill: 4kkY, 7kkK, 2kkT, 7kkE

{IM Swim @ BBDPS

Please see BASICS, for full set explanations
Prolonged Sprinting SP3 2 x {(6 x 25 on 2’) w/50 drill

50

2 sets of 6 repetitions – dive-in 25’s all out, no breath if possible.  Work on start, break, and maximum acceleration.  Swim easy to the 50 so you restart on prescribed send-off.
Aerobic Training EN2

Intensity:1½ to 2½ OB

Equipment:   Paddles and Fins

50’ x (8 x 100w/5”) w/40” A to P

(7 x 100w/5”) w/35” A to N

(6 x 100w/5”) w/30” A to L

(5 x 100w/5”) w/25” A to J

(4 x 100w/5”) w/20” A to H

(3 x 100w/5”) w/15” A to F

(2 x 100w/5”) w/10” A to D

(1 x 100) A to B

Swim a pyramid, start at 8 x 100 and keep going to 1 x 100, take 5” rest per 100 of swim, at the 8th take 40”, at the 7 x 100 rest 35”, at the 6 x 100 rest 30”, and so on till you get to the (2 x 100w/5”)w/10”, and finish with a 100.  Maintain a steady pace.
Kick Set 2 x {4 x 25 w/kickboard} on 45”

{4 x 25 E no breath}

Please see BASICS, if you need more explanations
Date:  11-09-2022 Workout Today
Energy System Exercise Set Exercise Description
Warm Up EN1 15’ x {IM Drill: 4kkY, 7kkK, 2kkT, 7kkE

{IM Swim @ BBDPS

Please see BASICS, for full set explanations
Aerobic Training EN2

Intensity:  1½ to 3 OB

Equipment:  None

45’ x {(5 x 100 w/10” to 15”) w/20”

Y, K, T, E, IM

Count:  A to B

Sets of 5x 100 w/10” rest after every 5 take 20” rest, to drink, swim 1x 100 of each stroke and 1x IM.  Restart until 45’ finish
Resistance to Speed SP3

6 to 7 OB

2 x {8, 10(11), 12(14), 14(17) str. on 2’}

50

Make sure you can make 14 strokes before you attempt 17 strokes all out no breathe.  On the second set start at the highest stroke count and descend to 8.  If you cannot make 14 strokes start at 6 and advance to 8, 10, and 12.

Swim 50’s dive in and race the number of strokes listed, every time you make it all out, no breath, you advance to the next larger number of strokes.  You may choose any style.  If you have buckets or parachutes, it is a good time to use them.
Kick Set 1 x {4 x 25 w/kickboard} on 45”

{4 x 25 E no breath}

Please see BASICS, if you need more explanations
Date:  11-10-2022 Workout Today
Energy System Exercise Set Exercise Description
Warm Up EN1 20’ x {IM Drill: 4kkY, 7kkK, 2kkT, 7kkE

{IM Swim @ BBDPS

Please see BASICS, for full set explanations
In Motion Speed SP3 3 x {(4 x 50 on 1:30) w/50 drill

6 str

“Olympic” Finishes.  Swim 3 sets of 4x 50 go easy until six strokes out of the finish, then sprint all out no breath and touch, not “grab” the wall.  Swim a 50 drill after 4.  Choose a different stroke each set.
Anaerobic Threshold EN3

Intensity:  3 to 4 OB

Equipment:  Paddles optional

30’ x {1 x 100 w/30” A to B

{1 x 200 w/40” A to D

{1 x 300 w/50” A to F

{1 x 400 w/60” A to H

Swim 100, 200, 300, and 400. Please observe the resting intervals.  Restart until the 30’ are finished.
Kick Set 2 x {4 x 25 w/kickboard} on 45”

{4 x 25 E no breathe}

Please see BASICS, if you need more explanations
Date:  11-11-2022 Workout Today
Energy System Exercise Set Exercise Description
Warm Up EN1 15’ x {IM Drill: 4kkY, 7kkK, 2kkT, 7kkE

{IM Swim @ BBDPS

Please see BASICS, for full set explanations
Aerobic Training EN2

Intensity:  1½ to 3 OB

40’ x {200 IM w/15”

{200 E w/15”

Count:  A to D

Swim 1 x 200 IM and then 1 x 200 free, observe the resting intervals
Anaerobic Threshold EN3

Intensity:  3 to 4 OB

Equipment:  Fins – optional

30’ x (8 x 25 w/05”) w/30”

Preferred stroke:  K

Count:  A to D

200’s broken backstroke, work on the 15 yards under water dolphin kick, watch the interval at each 25
Kick Set 1 x {4 x 25 w/kickboard} on 45”

{4 x 25 E no breathe}

Please see BASICS, if you need more explanations
Date:  11-12-2022 Workout Today
Energy System Exercise Set Exercise Description
Warm Up EN1 15’ x {IM Drill: 4kkY, 7kkK, 2kkT, 7kkE

{IM Swim @ BBDPS

Please see BASICS, for full set explanations
Aerobic Training EN 2

Intensity:  1½ to 3 OB

Equipment:  Fins

40’ x {1 x 100 IM w/15”

{2 x 25 kk on 45”

{1 x 100 2nd best w/15”

{2 x 25 kk on 45”

{1 x 100 3rd best w/15”

{2 x 25 kk on 45”

{1 x 100 4th best w/15”

{2 x 25 kk on 45”

The swim portions are at the intensity prescribed in the Energy System, working on 2nd, 3rd, and 4th best strokes.  The kick portions should be on the side dolphin or flutter or dolphin uw.
Sprint Set SP3 3 x 5 str on 1:30 w/50 drill

50

3 repetitions of 5 strokes all out no breath, then swim EZ to the 50
Lactate anaerobic power SP2

Intensity:  6 to 7 OB

10 x 50 on 3:30 10x 50 as fast as you can, 50 each timed
Warm Down EN1 400 ea.  S K P S 400 swim, kick, pull, swim